how will AI impact the workplace

By now (April 2023) the impact of ChatGPT has infiltrated our social, work and education worlds. But one area that there is either not enough literature on, or the literature is poorly written or researched is that of the impact ChatGPT and the broader world of Language Learning Models (LLM’s) will have on jobs.

Sam Altman (one of the founders of OpenAI) even admits that he is not sure what sort of impact his creation will have on work – particularly the medium to long term. And when I talk about medium term I’m talking 2-4 years from now. In a recent comprehensive research paper from the University of Pennsylvania and Open AI, there was some sobering analysis done on which jobs will appear to be fairly easy for AI to do.

Here are the key findings:

  1. AI can do more than one TYPE of task – ie it can develop (code) and design. Humans generally can only do one.
  2. AI technology and in particular GPT is effective at carrying out repetitive tasks.
  3. Coding, programming and writing are the main skills under threat and correlate to what LLM’s (Large Learning models) are most capable to do.
  4. Critical thinking and science (read Engineering too) are least under threat from LLM’s.
  5. For now it appears that AI will be able to do a high percentage of tasks for high risk (white collar) jobs, but not all.
  6. There is a rough positive correlation between tasks from “white” collared, high salaried work and GPT duplication of tasks.
  7. Mathematics and accounting are heavily correlated to LLMs.

Careers where GPT technology will have significant immersive involvement:

Group Occupations with highest exposure % Exposure:

Human 𝛼 Interpreters and Translators 76.5
Survey Researchers 75.0
Poets, Lyricists and Creative Writers 68.8
Animal Scientists 66.7
Public Relations Specialists 66.7

Human 𝛽 Survey Researchers 84.4
Writers and Authors 82.5
Interpreters and Translators 82.4
Public Relations Specialists 80.6
Animal Scientists 77.8

Human 𝜁 Mathematicians 100.0
Tax Preparers 100.0
Financial Quantitative Analysts 100.0
Writers and Authors 100.0
Web and Digital Interface Designers 100.0
Humans labeled 15 occupations as “fully exposed.”

Model 𝛼 Mathematicians 100.0
Correspondence Clerks 95.2
Blockchain Engineers 94.1
Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners 92.9
Proofreaders and Copy Markers 90.9

Model 𝛽 Mathematicians 100.0
Blockchain Engineers 97.1
Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners 96.4
Proofreaders and Copy Markers 95.5
Correspondence Clerks 95.2

Model 𝜁 Accountants and Auditors 100.0
News Analysts, Reporters, and Journalists 100.0
Legal Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 100.0
Clinical Data Managers 100.0
Climate Change Policy Analysts 100.0

So maths, statistics, writing, poetry, design, coding (programming), art and composing music are tasks that Chat GPT 4 can already do pretty well. Chat GPT 5 and then 6 will make Chat GPT 4 look like child’s play.

At FutureproofMe, we are passionate about working on robust roadmaps to the future. Please get in touch with us to discuss.

Extracted from: “GPTs are GPTs: An Early Look at the Labor Market Impact Potential of Large Language Models”.

Tyna Eloundou 1, Sam Manning 1,2, Pamela Mishkin *1, and Daniel Rock 3

1 OpenAI
2 OpenResearch
3 University of Pennsylvania

March 27, 2023.